"13. William Canon (1404-1420) whose presentation by the King, as Duke of Lancaster, is dated 11 July 1404, was instituted 25 September. He had been Prebendary of the Collegiate Church of Wimborne and exchanged with his predecessor in this rectory.|
There is a note in the second volume of the Parish Registers "In the East Window of the Church is a picture of William Canon in glass. I suppose he glazed the window, he was rector here, 1404, and dyed about 1420 or resigns the Rectory." This note is in the handwriting of Rev David Dawson, curate from 1723 to 1732, needless to say the picture has long since disappeared.
The name William Canon is frequently found in other preferments, but it would obviously be by no means an uncommon one for an ecclesiastic in the days of adoptive surnames. His will, dated 6 November 1419, was proved 1 June 1420, he left directions that he should be buried in the choir of this church on the south side of the altar."
There are several examples of exchanges of livings involving rectors of Barwick in medieval times, usually to and from somewhere close, but how was an exchange arranged between two parishes which were separated by about 250 miles - perhaps a week's journey - and in troubled times? It seems likely that Marnhull wanted to get back to his native Dorset. But what was the reason for Canon's move to Barwick? The process must have involved the desire or consent of the patrons. The patron of Barwick parish was the King, Henry IV, as Duke of Lancaster. I am grateful to the Revd. David Price, Rector of Wimborne Minster, for the following information.
|"12 William Marnhull (1402-1404) had been presented to the vicarage of Sturminster Marshall in the diocese of Salisbury in 1386 by Joan, the Queen Mother, as 'custos' of the profits of the rectory by grant of the king. At some time later he became Rector of Whitburn in Durham, whence he exchanged to Barwick "for divers and sufficient reasons", with Thomas de Popilton; he was presented 15 August, and instituted 22 August 1402.|
He stayed here only two years and left in 1404 on exchange with William Canon to the Prebend of Kentisburn or Kentisford (one of the three tithings of the parish of Marnhull) in Wimborne Minster. He must have been a very restless person for in 1409, he exchanged back to his old parish of Sturminster Marshall where he died in 1434."
William Kymston (Kinston) was the priest of the chantry chapel attached to Barwick Church. The Chantry of Our Lady was founded by Alice de Lascy in 1303 in honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary and for the chaplain to celebrate the divine offices daily for the souls of herself and Adam de Potterton and their ancestors, and was endowed with 80 acres of land in Potterton. Adam de Potterton was the Rector of Barwick at the time.
A missal was a book containing the complete service for mass throughout the year. The term 'according to the use of York' suggests that the services in the missal differed somewhat from those of the archdiocese of Canterbury. The missal would be handwritten. Caxton's printing press was not introduced for another half century. The wording of this bequest suggests that Canon was expecting someone connected with the parish church to contest the will.
- In the name of my 'mortuaring' my better horse. (Mortuaring meant that on the death of a tenant, the lord of the manor had the right to claim for himself the best beast of the deceased.)
- For my funeral expenses five marks in English money. (A mark was two thirds of £1. Five marks was £3.6s.8d. - a substantial sum at that time.)
- To the high altar of the aforesaid Church one Missal according to the use of York in such wise that my executors may not be hindered by anyone in the free disposal and execution of my will and my goods. And if they are hindered or disturbed, I wish the said executors of my will to sell the Missal and use the money for the celebration of the sacred (mysteries) for the benefit of my soul."
Mendicant brothers were friars from open religious orders (eg Franciscans) who worked in towns and cities, often on social concerns, like a medieval Salvation Army. They obtained the money for their work from bequests and by begging (hence the term mendicant). They were unpopular with the religious establishment but were supported by the people - about one third of all wills in York at that time contained bequests to friars.
- "To the fabric of York Cathedral 13s.4d.
- To the fabric of my aforesaid Church 13s.4d.
- To the fabric of the Parish Church of Alne 13s.4d.
- To the fabric of the Parish Church of Elughton 13s.4d. (Was this Ellerton in Swaledale?)
- To the same church one ordinal according to the use of York Cathedral
- To each order of mendicant brothers of the City of York 6s.8d.
- To the mendicant brothers of Pontefract 6s.8d."
- to Custancia of Kereby, my blood relation, 10 pounds in silver(?), 6 silver spoons, 2 better beds, 4 coverlets, 4 linen sheets, 2 mattresses, 1 basin with bath, 1 fur-lined(?) gown, whichever she chooses and wants, and half my kitchen crockery and utensils.
(This impressive list of bequests shows that William Canon was well supplied with household goods and probably lived in some style.)
To John Cras, clergyman one 'portiform' (a book of religious offices) with indication of the use of the Church of York aforesaid and 5 marks in money.
To Robert Otley, Rector of the Church of St Martin in Conyngstrete in the City of York my better 'ciphum murreum (a garment or a book?) edged with silver and gilded.
To William of Yolton, my servant, 10 marks of silver and 2 'bushels' of corn. (The Latin word used is 'quarteria' here translated as 'bushels' representing a measure of corn.)
To Master William Milford, chaplain 20 shillings
To William, son of William Hessile of York, 2 shillings.
To Thomas Cook the younger, my servant, 10 shillings of silver and 1bushel of corn.
To the Parochial Clergy of the above named Berwyk, 2s.0d. in silver.
To Master William Langtoo, my servant, 6s.8d. and 1 bushel of corn. (William Langtoo or Langloo is recorded as a tenant of the manor of Barwick in the survey of 1425.)
To Elizabeth(?) Webster for her maintenance 6s.8d. (Was she his housekeeper?)
To each of the below named executors for their labours, 1 mark in silver.
The remains of my goods not bequeathed above, after payment of my debts, I give and bequeath for the celebration of masses and other sacred (rites) for the good of my soul and the souls of all (my) benefactors and for the distribution to the poor in parishes where I have acquired possessions according to the discretion and decision of my aforesaid executors.
For the fulfilment of this will I appoint, make and constitute as my executors, the prudent man, Master John of Thornton, Vicar of Pontefract; Master John Spanyell, chaplain; and Edmund Cook of Walton. With these as witnesses: Master William Kymston, chaplain, William Beroby, Notary Public, and John Harpyn, diocese of York. Given under my seal at the aforesaid Berwyk on the day of our Lord aforesaid.
Probate was given at Cawood on 1 June 1420."